Accounting for Purchase Discounts Entry, Example, and More


The sales discount amount is usually subtracted from the total invoice amount to determine how much a customer will pay if they took advantage of the sales discount. When the customer pays, within the stipulated discount period, the cash account is debited by the amount that was paid by the customer. The discount given is debited in the sales discount account while the sum of the amounts that have been debited in the cash and sales discount account is credited to the accounts receivable. From the table above, we can see that once the customer takes the discount, the allowance for the sales discount account is debited.

Debiting discount allowed ledger has the effect of reducing gross sales revenue by the amount of cash discount allowed. Consequently, receivables are credited to reduce their balance to the amount that is expected to be recovered from them, i.e. net of cash discount. The business receives cash of 1,950 and records a sales discount of 50 to clear the customers accounts receivable account of 2,000. Contra revenue accounts can also be recorded within the sales account, but this means that it will be buried within the total amount of revenue reported, so that management cannot easily determine the amount of contra revenue.

In other words, contra sales revenue is the difference between gross revenue and net revenue. If the customer does not pay within the discount period and does not take the sales discount the business will receive the full invoice amount of 2,000 and the discount is ignored. When a business sells goods on credit to a customer the terms will stipulate the date on which the amount outstanding is to be paid. In addition the terms will often allow a sales discount to be taken if the invoice is settled at an earlier date. Company ABC sold some pharmaceutical products on credit to Mr John on the 1st of September, 2020 and the total amount on the invoice was $30,000 which he has to pay on or before the 1st of October 2020. Now, if Mr John makes full payment before 15th Sept 2020, a 5% discount will be given.

It is also not shown in the face of financial statements as well as in the noted to sales or revenue of financial reports. The downside of offering a discount is that the business now has an extra cost. If we use the example above, the cost to the business of receiving 1, days earlier than expected was the sales discount of 50. As per prevailing practice or terms of purchase and sale, a certain amount of money determined at a fixed rate and deducted from invoice price or amount receivable is called the discount. The main premise used when creating Trade Payables mainly vests on the grounds of ensuring that the company has been able to incorporate the time value of money into their calculations when calculating the trade discount percentage. A discount received is the reverse situation, where the buyer of goods or services is granted a discount by the seller.

Cash Discount Method

A company may choose to simply present its net sales in its income statement, rather than breaking out the gross sales and sales discounts separately. This is most common when the sales discount amount is so small that separate presentation does not yield any material additional information for readers. This reserve is based on an estimate of the likely number of discounts that will be taken. In order to have accurate reports on all sales discounts, it is important to understand what it means and how it is recorded. Here, we shall discuss why a sales discount is a debit and not credit and the various journal entries for it.

  • Sales Discounts is a contra revenue account that records the value of price reductions granted to buyers in order to incentivize early payments.
  • The sales discount account is a contra revenue account, which means that it reduces total revenues.
  • In the header bar of the invoices issued, the seller usually states the standard condition at which the sales discount may be taken by the customer.
  • The other alternative is for the customer to pay the full $900 within 30 days.

However, a company may decide to simply present its net sales in its income statement, rather than breaking out the sales discount and gross sales separately. This is usually common when the amount of sales discount is so small that a separate presentation does not yield any material additional information for the reader of the financial statement. The amount which is deducted from the price list of the goods sold is called a trade discount. The seller fixes up invoice price or sale price deducting trade discount from the listed price. Suppose Mike is a retail shoe seller who buys his shoes in bulk from a shoe manufacturing company and resells them later on. If he bought shoes worth $200,000 and the company offers him a five percent (5%) sales discount if he pays for the shoes in ten (10) days.

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“Sales Discount” is a contra-revenue account; presented as a deduction from “Sales” in the income statement to come up with the “Net Sales”. The computation can also be presented in the notes to financial statements. The Sales Discounts, Returns, Allowances contra revenue sales accounts may be presented on the income statement as individual line items or–if immaterial or preferable–aggregated into a single contra-revenue line. This is because the initial accounting journal entry at the time of sale was a debit to Accounts Receivable asset account and credit to a Sales Revenue account.

What is Discount Allowed and Discount Received?

The sales discount as a contra-revenue account will reduce the total revenues. If a customer takes advantage of these terms and pays less than the full amount of an invoice, the seller records the discount as a debit to the sales discounts account and a credit to the accounts receivable account. Then, credit the sales revenue account by the same amount in the same journal entry.

The examples just noted for a discount allowed also apply to a discount received. Sales discounts allow companies to receive more money earlier at the expense of revenue which will be recognized in the future as time goes on. Sales discounts are not technically expenses because they actually reduce the price of a product. Credit Cash in Bank if a sales return or allowance involves a refund of a buyer’s payment. The net Revenue balance on an income statement is calculated as gross Revenue minus all contra-revenue items like Sales Returns, Allowances and Discounts.

It is therefore necessary to record the initial sale at the gross amount (after deducting any trade discounts!) and subsequently decreasing the sale revenue by the amount of discount that is actually allowed. Sales discount refers to reduction in the amount due as a result of early payment, hence pertaining to cash discounts. In other words, the amount recorded as sales is always at net of any trade discount. As seen in the report above, the sales discount as a contra revenue account appears as a $1,500 reduction from the gross revenue of $30,000 that Company ABC reported, which results in net revenue of $28,500. Let’s look at some examples of sales discount as a contra revenue account and how it is recorded as a debit contrary to the natural credit balance of revenue. Sales discounts are not only beneficial to the company, but it also benefits the buyer too.

Is sales discount a debit or credit?

Giving a sales discount is one of the ways companies maintain their customers, encourage more patronage or reward early payment for goods or services received. Sales discounts are also known as cash discounts or early payment depreciation methods 4 types of depreciation you must know! discounts. Sales discounts (along with sales returns and allowances) are deducted from gross sales to arrive at the company’s net sales. Hence, the general ledger account Sales Discounts is a contra revenue account.

Additionally, the entries are mostly dual with one being debit and another being credit. Below is an example of how a debit and credit entry for a sales discount would look like. Therefore, purchases, along with any payables in the case of a credit purchase, are recorded net of any trade discounts offered. An example of a sales discount is 2/10 net 30 terms, where a customer can take a two percent discount if it pays an invoice within ten days of the invoice date, or pays full price 30 days after the invoice date.

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Therefore, sales, along with any receivables in the case of a credit sale, are recorded net of any trade discounts offered. Sales discounts are recorded as a reduction in revenue under the line item called accounts receivable. Accounting for sales discounts can be tricky but understanding how they affect your financial statements is essential to stay compliant with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Sales or Cash Discounts are properly recorded and shown in the financial statements.

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The seller usually states the standard terms under which a sales discount may be taken in the header bar of its invoices. The sales discount will be shown in the company’s profit and loss statement for an accounting period below as the gross revenue of the company. A contra sales revenue account–such as Sales Allowances, Returns and Discounts-has a debit balance because it is contrary to the credit balance of a regular Sales Revenue account. A sales discount is a reduction in the price of a product or service that is offered by the seller, in exchange for early payment by the buyer.

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